fortification d afrique

CE SITE EST GRATUIT....IL EST FAIT POUR LES PERSONNES  PASSIONNEES D HISTOIRE COMME MOI QUI VOYAGENT EN AFRIQUE ..

LA FRANCE A CONSTRUIT BEAUCOUP EN AFRIQUE ET LES PAYS EUROPEENS AUSSI

rien q en en algerie plus de 125 forteresses avant eux les turcs ont construit aussi 

le GHANA est tres interessants car toute les grandes puissances europeennes on construites des forteresses..

 

OCEAN INDIEN FRANCAIS.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

une vingtaine d iles 2,5 milions de km2  region reunion 

  1746france ...  ILE DE LA REUNION 1794 ou ile bonaparte 1806.. ile bourbon avant 1793 et apres en 1814....l ile intense ..............les  premier nom arabe(dina morgabin) portugais(santa apollonia en 1504)

premier camp militaire  a saint paul a droite de l embouchure de  l etang ( camp jacques 1665)

saint denis ..les canons du barachois .....................................................20°52,25 S...55°26,47 E

 pas de bellecombe ...............................................................................21°13,30 S...55°41,06 E

le volcan piton de la fournaise .....en arrivant par la plaine des sables.........21°14,38 S... 55°42,51 E

le maido ....une vue epoustouflante .. a 2.200m vu sur le cirque de mafat  .......21°04,14 S...55°23,16 E

saint paul .......................cimetiere marin...... un morceau d histoire ........21°00,52 S...55°15,40 E 

  //..................................grotte des premier francais.. 12 mutins .............21°01,00 S...55°15,35 E

sainte rose .....................eglise notre damme des laves...........................21°09,38 S...55°49,26 E

saint leu ...........sur la falaise  les soufleurs.............................................21°13,29 S...55°17,33 E 

curiosité....... unique au monde ............ le bourbon pointu  le  meilleur café du monde  .......... la seul veritable vanille bourbon...

et aussi l ananas victoria au gout particulier 

MAYOTTE...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

dzaoudzi

les canons de l ancienne prefecture........................................................12°46,56 S...45°15,20 E

...

AFRIQUE DU SUD.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

le cap

    batteries du lion   ..............................................................................34°54,54.76 S...18°24,42.77 E

    fort de  bonne esperance ou  fort hoop (holandais)...1666...............33°55,33.06 S...18°25,37.03 E 

wolseley                       redoute ...........................................................33°26,56.30 S...19°12,25.21 E

kimberley hole               le grand cratere ............................................28°44,20 S...24°45,31 E

pretoria                        woortrekker monument ..................................25°46,34.92 S...28°10,33.05 E 

NAMIBIE ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. .............                     

ZIMBABWE...............   non ancien  RODESIE..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

forteresse antique du zimbabwe

1).......................................20°16,03.32 S...30°56,01.47 E

2).......................................20°16,22.77 S...30°56,07.70 E

3)  .................................... 20°12,55.08 S...30°55,35.60 E

chute victoria.......................17°55,32.34 S...25°51,34.28  E

MOZAMBIQUE.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

merci a patricia K en poste au mozambique  pour nous avoir servi de guide  pour la visite de ces lieux

ilha de mocambique..fort sans sebastiao..portugais

15°01,44.33 S...40°44,36.94 E la plus grande forteresse d afrique

ilha de ibo . portugais 

1)........12°20,19.73 S...40°34,55.97 E fort sao joao 

2) .......12°20,41.72 S...40°35,22.18 E sao antonio

3) ........12°19,53.29 S...40°35,41.43 E

4).........12°19,54.38 S...40°37,21.94 E

ILE MAURICE ..nom ancien (ILE DE FRANCE  )............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

              citadelle de port louis  ......................20°09,49.55 S...57°30,36.95 E

ILE     ASCENSION ........possession de l ANGLETERRE...................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................

georgestotown..fort bedford  ............................7°55,35.74 S...14°24.22.60 O 

ILE SAINTE HELENE......possession de l ANGLETTERE................................................................................................................................................................................................................

fort  de jamestown............................................15°55,35.27 S...5°43,15.30 O.

batterie.............................................................15°55,39.53 S...5°43,22.51 O

jamestown chateau du gouverneur ................15°55,28.05 S...5°43,04.96 O    

longwood maison de napoleon (territoir francais)  ............................................  15°56,56.91 S...5°41,00.91 O

tombe de napoleon ..(la premiere)..................15°57,29.83 S...5°41,53.32 O

MADAGASCAR ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

             nossi-be.........................premier centre.......les canons ...13°24,26 S...48°16,39 E 

             fort dauphin.....................fort............. 25°01,36.46 S...46°59,55.99 E

             foilpointe .......................fort ..............17°40,40.56 S...49°30,22.32 E

             antisiranana  (diego suarez )

                              ligne de batteries

                                                       12°15,30.85 S...49°22,41.41 E

                                                       12°13,58.25 S...49°22,00.24 E

                                                        12°13,48.05 S...49°21,22.32 E

tanarive .....palais de la reine .........18°55,24 S...47°31,55 E

ile sainte marie  ......cimetiere des pirates ........................................17°00,42.86 S...49°50,52.17 E

TANZANIE.......non ancien TANGANYIKA...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

kilimanjaro....pour monter 6 jours de marche ....3°03,52.50 S...37°21,28.96 E

kilwa-kisiwani.........1e..fort .....................................8°57,28.S...39°29,57.E

                               2e fort ......................................8°57,35.S...39°29,46.E

                                ruine historique........................8°58,24.S...39°31,35.E

 

ZANZIBAR...........................................................

ancien palais des sultans ..............................6°08,07.84 S....39°12,48.33 E

fort de stone town

            6°09,41.17 S...39°11,21.19 E

a coté du fort palais des sultans

ile changuu ..fort prison

            6°07,07.94 S...39°10,20.25 E

KENYA.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

mombasa..............fort jesu   portugais.........................................4°03,45.47 S...39°40,46.68 E

                            fort saint joseph .............................................4°04,16.68 S...39°40,56.35 E

                            fort  du golf ....................................................4°04,24.11 S...39°40,43.11 E

                            fort  fer a cheval ( emplacement) ......................4°04,35.30 S...39°40,24.77 E

SOMALIE..................................................................................................................................................................................................

mogadiscio  fort .........................................................................2°01,58.85 N...45°20,38.14 E


DJIBOUTI.....................................................................................................................................................................................................

batterie du heron......................................11°37,14.15 N...43°08,49.48 E

fort de.. assamo.......................................10°59,07.18 N...42°50,21.34 E

fort de guestir...........................................11°00,47.50 N...42°57,41.07 E 

fort de ali sabiet .......................................11°09,09.00 N...42°42,55.50.E

ZAIRE  ancien congo belge.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

boma ...........fort de shinkakasa ................5°51,24.26 S...13°01,57.42. E 

matadi....forteresse  de 1879 ..stanley ..pas encor localisée

ANGOLA.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

luanda            fort    sao miguel...................8°48,27.80 S...13°13,23.17 E

ambriz            fort .....................................7°50,36.27 S...13°06,24.51

banana .................. batterie belge...............6°01,24 S   12°24,18 E

CABINDA ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

fort santa maria ...........................................5°33,28 S   12°11,49 E

CONGO BRZAZZAVILLE............................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................... 

        

FERNANDO POO.....(.guinée equatorial)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

fort de malabo ..............3°45,31.98 N...8°46,37.13 E

SAO TOME. et PRINCIPE ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

fort sao sebantiano........................0°20,45.55N...6°44,21.86 E

fort de principe .............................1°40,12.96 N...7°23,04.45 E

CAMEROUN ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

mora   fort allemand.....................?

bamenda........forteresse...............5°58,10.08 N...10°09,25.94 E

yoko fort .......................................5°32,29.85 N...12°19,05.97 E

foumbam  palais des sultans........5°43,59.42 N...10°54,05.73 E

bafousam  palais des sultans.......5°28,03.51 N...10°25,29.28 E

chute d ékom ..............................5°03,44.01 N...10°01.4706 E

doumè fort allemand...................4°14;34.34 N...13°27,14.11 E

bimbia  ..vestiges allemand de 1918..

mont CAMEROUN 4095m........4°13,03.40 N ..9°10,.21.42 E

canon .........................................3°57,35.06 N...9°15,11.84 E

canon..........................................3°57,44.32 N...9°15,27.56..E

canon.........................................3°57,46.03 N...9°15,26.88..E

batiment des esclaves................3°57,48.37 N...9°15)26.46.E

ile nicholls      ile prison..............3°57,11.25 N...9°15,40.28 E

BENIN......DAHOMEY.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

les 7 palais royaux d abomey

         7°11,17.57 N...1°59,38.51 E

fort portugais d ouidah

         6°21,32.78 N...2°04,25.65 E

fort portugais de grand popo

         6°16,48.90 N...1°49,45.46 E

BURKINA FASO.........HAUTE VOLTA................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

forteresse  antique de loropéni ..................10°18,08.31 N...3°31,55.89 O

 tata de somba..........................................

NIGERIA............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

abuja      fort royal .....................................8°56,47 N...7°18,37 O

TOGO...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

wahala ...........cimetiére militaire .1914 ............position inconnu

GHANA..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

bosumtwi cratere lac .................................6°30,09 N...1°24,51 O

                             pres de 40 forts furent construit

  keta............fort hollandais prinsensten  ............................... 5°55,18.83 N...0°59,36.90 O

prampram ...fort vernon....anglais..1742....................................position inconnu

 accra

fort  christiansborg danemark...1661...................................... 5°32,48.22 N...0°10,58.49 O

fort ussher ...hollandais....ou crevecoeur ............................... 5°32,17.85 N...0°12,3013 O

fort james  anglais................................................................5°32,01.62 N...0°12,39.79 O

fort augastaborg....1787 ..danemark   et ensuit  colombie  en 1850.....cartier teschie a accra

vieux nigo.................fort fredensborg........danois et ensuite colombien......position inconnu

senya beraku.............fort goede hoop  anglais...... .................5°23,14.83 N...0°29,23.20 O

apam........................fort lijdzaamheid....................................5°17,09 N...0°43,41O

abandze...................fort amsterdam....1638........................... 5°11,32.71 N...1°05,35.19 O  

 cap coast    anglais  . victoria................................................5°06,13.58 N...1°14,28.00 O

cap coast..................fort william 1820.....phare.......................5°06,28.66 N...1°14,39.93 O

cap coast .................fort royal  ...................... position inconnue

cap coast .................fort mac carthy.................position inconnue

moree ......................fort nassau .....................position inconnue

otuam ......................fort anglais ....................position inconnue

 elmina

fort du gouverneur .   1770.................................................... 5°04,57.77 N...1°20,53.19 O

fort sao jorge da mina    portugais1482 ..................................5°05,05.00 N...1°21,03.04 O

shama........fort sao  sebantiao   .holandais et portugais.........5°01,04.56 N...1°37,38.46 O

apam..........fort   ljdzaamheid.. ou    lidsamkeit......apres fort patience..1697................5°17,09.27 N...0°43,51.29 O    

achenim..............fort dorothea ....................... .......................4°45,09.87 N...2°02,08.07 O

akwidaa......fort gros frederichsbourg   alemand........................ 4°45,13 N....2°04,01 O

sekondi...................fort orange.............................................. 4°56,08.68 N...1°42,26.42 O

 takaoradi..................................phare fortifié...........................4°53,14.59 N...1°45,07.45 O

shama....................fort san sebastien................................... 5°00,37.23 N...1°37,47.79 O

dixcove ..................fort batenstein.........................................4°49,10.23 N...1°55,09.90

dixcove....................fort metal cross......................................4°47,39.31 N...1°56,43.08 O

princess town...................................fort.................................4°47,28.03 N...2°08,02.28 O

axim..........fort saint antoine   portugais.................................. 4°52,04.59 N...2°14,39.72 O

anomabu.......fort william     anglais......................................... 5°10,27.32 N...1°07,07.34 O

anomabu .....petit fort..............................................................en ruine 

benyin..........fort apollonia     anglais....................................... 5°00,00 N....2°38,24.35

beku........fort  .......................................................................4°59,13.76 N...2°35,24.08 O

komenda ........................................................fort  vendenburg   en ruine sur le cap ..1695

komeda ..........................................................fort de la colombie ..position inconnu

COTE D IVOIRE................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

dabou .........fort faidherbe ...............5°19,05.07 N...4°23,11.17 O

assinie

fort joinville position aproximative.......................5°07,45.65 N...3°17,14.66 O

grand bassam.........fort nemour ......................????

yamoussoukro .......basilique...........................6°48,39.59 N...5°17,47.32.O

LIBERIA..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

edina ....................memorial  de 1839.............5°55,29.01 N.... 10°04,42.09 O

GUINEE BISSAU..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

fort de bissau................................................11°51,37.61 N...15°34,44.02 O

fort de cacheu..................................................12°16,37.62 N...16°10,02.64 O

SIERA LEONE....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

baie de freetown

fort de bunce  island

     8°34,16.91 N...13°02,22.94 O

GAMBIE..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

james island

fort james.......................................13°19,02.87 N...16°21,40.87 O

fort albrèda.....................................13°20,00.72 N...16°23,04.77 O

SOUDAN...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

khartoum....

fort sud ...........................................15°37,56 N...32°29,33 E        et les  fortifications a proximité

meroe..................pyramides ...........16°56,16N...33°44,56 E

klub..................... fort ......................21°03,19 N...30°39,11 E

semna   1e fort.................................21°27,51 N...30°57,10 E

             2e fort.................................21°27,54 N...30°57,55 E

malha   le cratere.geant ...................15°07,52 N...26°10,16 E 

SENEGAL........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

ile de gorée

fort d estrées

       14°40,14.50 N...17°23,58.54 O

fort 2

       14°40,02.54 N...17°23,56.96 O

fort 3

       14°39,41.16 N...17°23,53.07 O

dakar

batterie du cap manuel

        14°38,50.16 N...17°25,56.83 O

saint louis

emplacement du premier fort

         16°01,31.76 N...19°30,16.29 O

podor

fort podor

         16°39,24.45 N...14°57,23.85O

bakel

tour

       14°54,02.30 N...12°27,26.41 O

fort

        14°53,57.90 N...12°27,17.00

lac rose ...........................................centre du lac.........14°50,18.N...17°14,03.O

CAP VERT.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

sao vicente ..mindelo.........................fort .....................16°53,26 N...24°59,34 O

                                                           batteries..............16°54,20 N...24°59,54 O

boa vista.....sal rei..............................fort ........................16°10,21 N...22°55,54 O

                                                           ruines ...................16°11,46 N...22°54,51 O

sao tiago.....cidale velha .....................fort san felipe......14°54,58 N...23°36,06 O

 

.

MAURITANIE................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 

fort de oualata

       17°18,06.02 N...7°00,49.51 O

la ville de oualata a ete fondée en l an  600

fort de chegga

        25°22,25.47 N...5°47,13.57O

akjouijt ...  fort repoux

        19°44,55.91 N...14°22,50.66 O

fort de chingetti.

        20°27,42.59 N...12°21,40.51 O

fort sagane

        20°32,33.39 N...12°48,02.05 O

cratere  d aouelloul.....................20°14,29 N...12°40,29 O

ouadane...fort portugais ..........20°59,54.67 N...11°26,23.69 O

el ghallaouiya ....redoute ..........21°35,36.68 N...10°36,06.04 O

birmoghreim fort trinquet............25°13,37.27 N...11°34,48.09 O

fort  ?.......................................25°22,23.39 N...9°43,22.38 O

fort ain ben tili..........................25°59,40.35 N...9°33,12.21 O

tenoumer  cratere meteoritique .................................................22°55,07 N...10°24,22 O

temimichate cratere meteoritique...............................................241455 N...9°38,58 O

fort gouraud.............................22°40,27.49 N...12°43,29.48 O

fort de ziri................................21°33,21.52 N...10°46,25.00  O

port etienne ...............batterie de caussade................................20°52,31.92 N...17°03,28.05 O

guelta de matmata  ....crocodils du desert...................................17°52,56.11 N...12°05,35.74 O

arguin ..emplacement  du fort  ...................................................20°36,43 N...16°26,49 O

 ksar el barka ..........................cité oubliée.................................18°24,08.05 N...12°13,24.27 O

portandic .......emplacement.........................................................17°59.31.N...16°01.35.O

cap blanc ......le phare ......... ........................................................20°46.20.N...17°02,51.O

 

SAHARA OCCIDENTAL....ancien SAHARE ESPAGNOL ....RIO DE ORO.........................................................................................................................................................................................

vers choum ...........................le pont et tunel du desert................21°20,40 N...12°59,59 O

lagouira 

fort espagnol 1

       20°49,35.51N...17°05,42042 O

fort 2

       20°49,37.30 N...17°05,23.06 O

porto rico .................poste militaire espagnol..............................23°30,15 N...15°58°28 O

aargub                      fort........................................................... 23°36,21 N...15°52,11 O .

dakhla....villa cisneros

 fort ....................................................................................... 23°43,36.55N...15°,57.14.85 O

fort   .......................................................................................23°45,17.14N...15°55,31.54 O

2 fort espagnol inconnus ............................................................24°50,27 N...13°57.14 O.

       //......................................................................................a coté 

fort de amgala..............................................26°04,32.80 N...11°47,15.30 O

 echdera.. fort chacal.................................... 27°01,35.09 N...13°03,08.69 O

fort de el hagunia...........................................27°25,52.93 N...12°23,24.60

zemour ...fort espagnol

        25°04,12.05 N...12°02,33.73 O

 

MAROC.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

smara fort ....mezquita..................................26°44,33.20 N...11°40,48.55 O

grande cascade  haoui en naam...................27°40,44.44 N...12)13,04.54 O

quelques villes forteresses antiques non habité   sites d exceptions  a voir

gara masmouda   a coté de tagounite.........29°50,46.16 N...5°25,17.00 O

forteresse antique de foum el riam                29°51,56.34 N...5°33,04.37 O

fort......tinmel............................................ 30°59,16.03 N...8°11,57.28 O

cité perdu de ba halou  a coté de remila.......30°49,31.64 N...4°27,12.64 O

mellal .....cimetiere de la legion....................30°51,02 N...5°40,36 O

ouarzazate....fort pour le cinema  ................30°57,11 N... 6°59,15 O

      //                       //                    .................30°57,05 N...6°58,08 O

cité forteresse de ouafilal a coté de taouz....30°56,13.79 N...4°00,27.26 O

taghbalt..fort ..............................................30°37,37.26 N...5°21,03.72 O

gara medouar a coté de rissani....................31°18,02.04 N...4°24,04.34 O

ruine de sijilmassa a rissani........................31°16,37.45 N...3°01,64.0 O

boudjour...stele..........................................26°07,36.07.N...14°29,59.2.O

tarfaya ..cap juby fort de mer ......................27°56,46.63 N...12°55,51.58 O

fort  de l aero postal....................................27°56,39.83 N...12°55,28.08 O

puerto cansado.( localisation  entré de la passe )..........28°03,08 N...12°13,58 O  ancien port espagnol

 akhfennir ..le trou du diable ........................28°06,25.32 N...12°02,15.87 O

zag     region ......tour de merkala fort ..........28°14,14.55 N...8°53,25.64 O

fort tafnidilt   route de tantan........................28°32,34.00 N...10°59,09.46 O

fort draa a el aioun du draa..........................28°30,07.09 N...10°40,39.78 O

fort  a  aouinet torkoz...................................28°28,21.38 N...9°51,20.55 O

fort aoreora   a plage blanche.......................28°50,26.11 N...10°50,34.56 O

fort oued noun a bou jerif..............................29°05,30.12 N...10°19,58.85 O

andja ..forteresse ........................................29°12,27 N...9°50,44 O

bouizikarme fort ..........................................29°10,38 N...9°42,25 O

fort de sidi ifni..............................................29°22,16 N....1°09,56 O

a sidi ifni ..fort santa cruz de mar de la pequena position possible sur la place d espagne . (ou ) autre position  a  tarfaya ..3é possibilitée a puerto cansado  actuelement reseve de naila ....(construit en 1476)

fort de garnison sidi ifni.................................29°22,12.84 N...10°10,31 O

fort de mirhleft..............................................29°34,43.62 N...10°01,33.10 O

fort d agadir .................................................30°25,47.77 N... 9°37,27.66 O

fort  ghir au nord d agadir ..............................30°37,55.25.N...9°52,55.25.O

cratere meteoritique.........................................30°57,53 N...9°36,37 O

fort inconnu sur frontiere.................................29°30,03.04 N...5°37,32.30 O

fort de frontiere..............................................29°38,10.70 N...7°02,41.02 O

fort d erfoud..................................................31°26,00.65 N...4°13, 08.12 O

fort inconnu...................................................31°45,04.70 N...3°52,18.39 O

bou denib. ...tour des goumier  et fort...........31°56,49.05 N...3°36,24.77 O

la cathedrale.................................................31°58,50 N...6°07,50 O

fort oued guir.................................................32°01,48.91 N...3°46,56.84 O

cité fortifiée de mogador   (essaouira) entré de la ville....portugal

          31°30,35,20 N...9°46,23.52 O

ancienne prison ile de mogador ....................31°29,44.36 N...9°47,12.04 O

cité fortifiée de maza   (el jadida) entré de la ville.....portugal

           33°15,23.02 N...8.30,13.24 O

volubilis.......grande ville romaine ...en ruine ......34°04,17 N...5°33,08 O.....parking tourisme

fez       .............

             ..borj nord...............................................34°04,01 N...4°59,05 O

            .. borj sud ................................................34°03,14 N...4°58,13 O

             entre les deux fort la vielle ville fortifié  et les   ( tinturiers de fez ) curiositée..34°03,57 N...4°58,15 O

tanger ..1..fort   ...................................................35°47,18.48 N...5°48,29.93 O

            2..fort .....................................................35°47,10.65 N...5°48,3336 O

            3..fort.......................................................35°47,19.64 N...5°48,41.54 O

 torres de alcala........................ forteresse de torres...........35°09,24.12 N...4°19,43.67 O 

MALI........SOUDAN FRANCAIS....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

bilma................. fort ..............................................existe  pas loin du rond point 

bilma ................saline...........................................18°41,59 N...12°53,42 E

kita ...................fort ..............................................13°02,30.79 N...9°29,08.77 O

agadez...............fort dufau.......................................16°59,21.56 N...7°59,25.59 O

fort de bamako   sur le bord du fleuve   rive gauche du niger .position inconnue  ..1883 

2e fort au point G.......a coté de l hopital.....environ....12°40,02.14 N...7°59,29.68 O

cité fortifiée de sikasso...   tata de sikasso 17° siecle

fort de medine. ......region de kayes........................14°22,36.59 N...11°22,05.80 O

dans le for de medine .... tombe de marie duranton +1857

medine ..........................tour...... descemet...........14°22,30.66 N...11°22,13.03 O  

comune de dongoï lieu dit ..tacoubao ..memorial de la bataille...de la colone bonnier..

tombouctou ..emplacement fort hugeny.....................16°46,36.32 N...3°00,20.23 O

tombouctou..fort bonnier  emplacement .....................16°46,09.22 N..3°00,53.14 O

tombouctou .......le port ..............................................16°42,16 N...2°59,06 O

arouane ..  fort grosdemange.....................................18°54,21.83 N...3°31,36.85 O

fort de bourem..........................................................16°57,19.30 N...0°21,27.92 O

gao ......camp militaire  francais ...............................16°15,09 N...0°00,21 O

kidal......fort..............................................................18°26,17 N...1°24,14.22 O

camp des tirailleurs indigenes.....................................18°26,19.33 N...1°24,12.41 O

tessalit...fort ..............................................................20°15,20.50 N...0°59.08.07 O

taoudeni  ..........fort ....................................................22°34,40.90 N...3°58,56.85 O

 taoudeni .... fort prison................................................22°40,27.40 N...3°58,43.85  O

taoudeni ...ksar de smida.............................................22°40,46.26 N...3°58,49.30 O

avoir mine de sel  de taoudeni........................................22°36,45.50 N...4°02,03.21 O

a voir site ensablé.... d. agorot......................................22°38,34.53 N...3°59,43.68  O

REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRACAINE.....oubangui-chari......................................................................................................................................................................................................................

 kaga-bandoro .....................fort crampel ....................6°58,59.59 N...19°10,50.15 O

TCHAD................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

cointet ..............fort .........position aproximative............ 11°10,38 N...15°25,02 E

mongo......... ancien camp militaire francais ...................12°10;31 N...18°40.39E

ndjamena............................zone militaire......................12°07,38 N...15°00,48 E

             ..............................camp militaire francais.........12°07,24 N...14°59,55 E

lac de

 

abéché ................................camp militaire francais .....13°50,29 N...20°50,14 E

   //.......................................a l aeroport la BA 172........13°50,37 N...20°51.07 E

salal .....fort....................................................................14°50,51.02 N...17°13,03.52 E

biltine......................................... fort .............................14°31,51 N...20°55,16 E

le sustana  antique de ouaddai..................................14°13,35 N...20°40,20 E.

gran puit du desert .........................................................15°17,52.52 N...19°25,46.95 E

kouba  olanga...ecole du desert ..une des plus isolée au monde ............15°44,51.44 N...18°17,28.12 E

guelta d archei (une merveille du desert )......................16°54,18.20 N...21°46,27.22 E  a voir aussi crocodile du desert 

puis de tokou ..............................................................16°45,24.43 N...21°48,32.80 E

crater  de ngweni-fada.................................................17°23,47 N...21°45,13 E

fada.......fort ................................................................17°11,07.18 N...21°35,06.48 E

muraille de ain galaka ...................................................18°03,47 N...18°26,26 E

ounianga............................. les lacs.............................18°56,19 N...20°52,38 E

lac de teguedei ...............................................................18°51,39 N...21°23)04 E.

meteore de ngweni-fada.................................................17°24,19.05 N...21°4,18.53 E

cratere de emi koussi.....................................................19°49,57 N   18°33.30 E

meteore d aorounga.......................................................19°05,45.04 N...19°14,30.49 E

ounianga kebir  fort lagrion.............................................19°03,23.02 N...20°29,44.50 E

zouar...  fort..ottoman puis francais................................20°27,28.39 N... 16°31,47.12 E

serdégé ......fort ottoman ...............................................21°21,02.71 N...16°59,55.40 E

a voir .........la rosace du desert......................................21°19,04.35 N...16°59,25.32 E

aouzou.......fort ...............................................................21°49,02.94 N...17°25,43.04 E

a voir .........trou de natron..............................................20°58,27.11 N...16°34,19.00 E

carre d abzac.................................................................20°50,49.34 N...18°10,45.84 E

puit de gomgom .............................................................22°28,31 N...19°02.50 E

bosso .......fort

koussouri ..fort lamy

tounia.......fort archambault

 

 NIGER................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

n guimi.............................................................................. une redoute pas encore localisée

timia..........fort massu...................................................18°06,34.63 N...8°46,49.69 E

 agadem.....fort .............................................................16°50,07.47 N...13°17,27.43 E

fachi ..........fort.............................................................18°06,23.04 N...11°35,01.30  E

guelta  agamgam .........................................................

aney..........fort .............................................................19°22,13.70 N...12°54,00.28 E

chirfa.........fort paco.......................................................20°57,22.11 N...12°20,22.90 E

arche d orida..................................................................21°07,14.35 N...12°14,23.25 E

 djado........citadelle..................................................  ....21°00,57.40 N...12°18,30.15 E

madama......fort berkhane.............................................21°56,42.60 N...13°38,52.53 E

agadez .....fort dufau.......................................................16°59,21.63 N...7°59,25.60 E

tegguidda n tessoum ..saline...........................................17°25,44.62 N...6°38,36.89 E

tidene.........tombeau de mano dayak................................17°29,01.01 N...8°01,17.51 E

memorial ..UTA vol UT 772 (avion) DC10.........................16°51,53.73 N...11°57,13.49 E

bilma fort  dromard   ........position ....................................18°40,59 N...12°55,00 E

bilma puit de sel.................................................................18°41,48.94 N...12°53,48.39 E

grand puit...........................................................................14°49,30.31.N...12°47,13.67.E

ALGERIE............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

plus de 125 fort on ete construit par l armée francaise  en algerie

in guezzam.....fort ...........................................................19°34,14.51 N...5°46,22.89 E

fort laouni.........................................................................20°20,32.56 N...5°40,24.31 E

redoute flatters.................................................................20°50,45.89 N...7°27,09.43 E

tinzaouten............fort pierre bordes.....................................19°57,14.96 N...2°57,42.28 E

timiaouine ...........fort ......................................................20°25,25.02 N...1°48,14.94 E

bordj moktar.........bordj le prieur....................................... 21°19,48.32 N...0°56,48.73 E

 //........................bordj peres............................................21°19,53.02 N...0°56,50.83 E

bidon 5.............................................................................22°19,07.72 N...1°06,56.51 E

abalessa ....fort general denis ............................................22°53,15.37 N...4°50,38.55 E

//.................mosolee de tin hinan.......................................22°53,06.85 N...4°50,16.14 E

tamanrasset...fort de foucault ............................................22°47,16.53 N...5°31,36.17 E 

//...................fort laperine .................................................22°47,21.02 N...5°31,35.94 E

aux environ de tam

fort motylinsky..................................................................22°40,41.13 N...5°55,09.87 E

assekrem ermitage de foucault ..........................................23°15,39.77 N...5°38,06.46 E

fort hirhafok.......................................................................23°39,10.49 N...5°45,44.12 E

.ouksem ..........double volcan.............................................23°55,14.61 N...5°49,08.50 E

in ekker ...........fort ...........................................................24°01,21.19 N...5°04,49.74 E

//..................ba.. du 7/11//61. au 16/2/66............................24°01,02.56 N...5°04,10.61 E

fort tadjemout....................................................................25°30,17.44 N...3°42,59.12 E

fort takoumbaret................................................................25°30,55.02 N...2°56,43.57 E

amguid.......bordj  (vieux ) un nouveau existe au sud ............26°25,21.85 N...5°02,15.055 E

tin bider cratere ........................................................................27°36,04 N...5°06,38 E

 djanet

fort charlet........................................................................24°33,04.92 N...9°29,02.78 E

tombeau  neolithique..........................................................24°25,02.18 N...9°31,34.11 E  

dans la region  de djanet

borj in ezzane....................................................................23°27,09.55 N...11°14,31.23 E

fort tin alkoum  ..................................................................24°35,12.57 N...10°11,52.00 E

fort hasiserouanout ............................................................24°18,18.93 N...7°28,15.76  E

 zaouatallaz ...borj admer................................................... 25°50,24.52 N...2°28,01.44 E

zaouatallaz....fort gardel..emplacement ................................24°52,53.58 N...8°26,07.74 E

bordj iherir...........................................................................25°23,52.26 N...8°23,48.59 E

cratere de amguel.................................................................26°05,14 N...4°23,40 E

   illizi et region ....fort polignac..............................................26°29,43.67 N...8°28,31.07 E

fort de tarat..........................................................................26°08,09.31 N...9°21,02.03 E

fort testu..............................................................................26°34,19.35 N...9°36,44.22 E

fort hassi issendjel ...............................................................26°51,41.11 N...8°43,28.22 E

fort  ??.................................................................................27°00,35.57 N...9°36,25.97 E

bordj ain el hadjadj  ..............................................................26°49,51.21 N...7°15,25.03 E

bordj omar dris ..et region

fort flaters ...ne pas confondre avec la redoute du meme nom....28°06,14.94 N...6°48,41.41 E

fort hassi bel guebbour  .........................................................28°41,16.83 N...6°30,07.44 E

fort tartrat..............................................................................30°00,57.07 N...6°35,19.04 E

ain taiba ..oasis paradi...........................................................30°16,36.61 N...5°49,10.25 E

fort l lallemand.......................................................................31°17,30.71 N...6°19,32.87 E

fort mereksen.........................................................................29°16,27.40 N...9°42,32.16 E

frontiere de libye   fort thiriet ....................................................30°10,51.08 N...9°22,46.91

// .......................fort messouda..............................................30°12,23.78 N...9°25,26.62 E

//........................fort carquet ..................................................30°14,46.23 N...9°32,15.65 E

plus au nord de ce ceux ci

                           fort bir sif fatime ...........................................21°06,19.45 N...8°40,49.52 E

                           fort rebaa.......... ...........................................31°19,22.65 N...8°31,21.33 E

                           fort tangueur..................................................31°31,10.09 N...8°23,31.74E

                           fort bir lahrache .............................................31°59,48.08 N...8°11,48.17 E

                           fort mey ed dahraoui.......................................32°07,24.65 N...6°57,12.55 E

                          fort  bir oraffarh................................................32°17,28.73 N...8°04,05.47 E

                           fort bir beressof ..............................................32°3217.95 N...7°57,33.61 E

                           fort birdjedid....................................................32°33,34.36 N...7°40,21.38 E

                           fort mouiet er rebah  1°....................................32°46,12.42 N...7°29,01.11 E 

                           //                    //      2° fort et puit ....................32°46,02.14 N...7°28,58.89 E

 

in salah et region

in ghar bordj ? 

tit ....fort ................................................................................26°56,12.93 N...1°29,25.22 E

fort miribele.............................................................................29°25,59.10 N...3°00,02.72  E

fort delion...............................................................................29°48,31 32 N...3°44,56.34E

fort inifel.................................................................................29°48,21.47 N...3°45,11.52 E

fort mac mahon.......................................................................29°45,29.36 N...1°37,17.85 E

guelta ......................................................................................28°46,23 N...4°27,39 E

messeguem......... puit ...........................................................28°15,00.65 N...4°37,10.30 E

 reggane.......................bordj des senegalais .........................26°43,16.54 N...0°10,38.98 E

//.................................bordj etienne .......................................26°43,16.00 N...0°10,23.07 E

//.................................bordj lt genas.......................................26°43,21.34 N...0°10,16.97 E

//.................................point central ba.....................................26°18,42.54 N...0°03,27.53 O

bour sidi youssef...........fort ......................................................27°33,29.43 N...0°18,09.42 O

hassi bou bernous ........fort flye sainte marie..............................27°19,12.23 N...2°59,00.71 O

adar .............................fort serviere..........................................27°52,15.68 N...0°17,20.20 O

timimoun et sa region

                                    fort de timimoune.................................29°15,40.81 N..0°13,41.47 E

arhlad ou aghlad ........... ksar...................................................29°22,13.32 N...0°10,48.43 E

//...................................fort.1.................................................. 29°22,22.52 N...0°11,00.59 E

//...................................fort 2...................................................29°22,16.14 N...0°11,06.91 E 

irhzer ...........................ksar.....................................................29°22,39.68 N...0°19,37.62 E

 foum el kheneg ..............fort ....................................................28°55,38.60 N...0°53,39.19 O

 fort ougarta..............................................................................29°39,41.17 N...2°16,33.60 O

beni ikhlef ......................bordj ksar............................................29°34,19.46 N...1°36,46.17 O

tabelbala et region..........fort  brencle..........................................29°24,25.38 N...3°15,33.04 O

 //.................................fort ressot ............................................29°24,17.45 N...31°53,93)8 O

ouargla          

                                    fort du genie...........................................31°57,40.53 N...5°19,35.96 E

                                    fort lutaud...............................................31°57,01.16 N...5°19,58.05 E

                                   bordj de la casbah...................................31°58,00.81 N...5°19,32.89 E

                                    bordj chandez.........................................31°57,25.08 N...5°19,39.45 E

 

de el goléa a ghardaia

                  el goléa

                      //            tombe de charles de foucauld....................30°36,53.31 N...2°52,24.13 E      

                     //              vieux kssar.............................................30°34,57.75 N...2°53,36.80 E 

                   .//............  grand fort ...............................................30°34,48.36 N...2°52,47.61 E

                    //..............fort deporter.............................................30°34,59.62 N...2°53,02.23 E

fort hassi elkhoua ......................................................................30°57,34.91 N...3°06,15.08 E

fort ?..........................................................................................31°14,33.27 N...3°29,32.11 E

fort zizara ..................................................................................31°15,58.72 N...3°14,34.23 E

fort hassi saadana ......................................................................31°27,27.15 N...3°24,14.53 E

fort hassi  el hadadra....................................................................31°35,38.72 N...3°30,47.31 E

fort .?..........................................................................................31°38,33.03 N...3°41,27.50 E

fort ?...........................................................................................31°49,03.81 N...3°43,55.21 E

fort hassi abiod............................................................................31°48,05.73 N...3°35,39.83 E

fort hassi el gaa...........................................................................31°57,37.57. N...3°37,10.19 E

fort sebseb..................................................................................32°10,00.46 N...3°35,57.76 E

ghardaia ...............................fort ................................................32°29,04.42 N...3°40,32.16 E

plus au nord

maadna..( talemzane) ...............cratere de météor et son oasis au fond............. 33°18,46.37 N...4°02,01.26  E

talemzane ...........fort ..................................................................33°21,29.73 N ...3°56,51.13 E

bordj therese ..compgnie generale de geophisique...........................32°21,05.73 N...1°45,23.36 E

laghouat et region .....fort morand...................................................33°48,27.97 N...2°53,07.45 E 

................................fort bouscaren..............................................33°48,11.96 N...2°52,50.69 E

igli .et au nord ..........................

                               fort. d igli.......................................................30°26,54.75 N...2°17;24.26 O

                               fort nord igli....................................................30°30,19.05 N...2°18,17.36 O

                               fort el aouejd ...disparu....................................30°40,01.00 N...2°06,02.92 O

de touggourt a biskra                

touggourt                 fort ......emplacement ......................................33°06,24.36 N...6°04,01.52.E

el oued                    bordj...............................................................33°21,43.13 N...6°51,54.22 E

dzioua                    bordj ...............................................................33°15,32.08 N...5°17,32.91 E

bordj el berd            emplacemenr ...................................................33°44,00.00N...5°57,20.00 E

oum et thiour           .bordj...............................................................34°10,33.47 N...5°48,26.70 E

stil                          bordj...............................................................34°15,03.97 N...5°56°00.02 E

chegga                    bordj ..............................................................34°25,56.23 N...5°54,26.29 E

biskra                     fort saint germain..............................................34°51,33.52 N...5°43,47.55 E 

au nord                 

bordj bou arreidj      ancien fort.........................................................36°04,21.61 N...4°45,39.99 E

 

bechar sud

taghith  ...................fotr mercier......................................................30°55,22.02 N...2°01,47.39 O

                              fort de l eperon..................................................30°55,30.57 N...2°02,07.14 O

                              site de la grande dunne 550 m de haut

                              gravure rupestre ................................................30°48,14.18 N...2°03,22.77 O

plus au nord ............fort zafrani quelques traces.................................31°02,01.65 N...2°01,57.35 O

                               redoute ?...........................................................31°12,09.93 N...2°14,45.61 O

                               fort el moungar...................................................31°12,21.40 N...1°58,25.83 O

                               fort el morra........................................................31°26,01.23 N...1°52,14.39 O

bechar ....................fort colomb       .point central................................31°37.17.27 N...2°12,58.27 O

                               fort ksar azoudj.......traces au sol...........................31°44,00.23 N...1°31,00.70 O

abadla......................fort .....................................................................31°01,13.35 N...2°43,13.30 O

 kenadsa .................fort behladi...........................................................31°33,12.46 N...2°25,48.46 O

beni ounif.................fort...................................................................... 32°03,11.75 N...1°14,16.27 O

                             ..redoute  ?.............................................................32°07,12.11 N...1°03,17.36 E

sur la droite ..............fort CGG therese .................................................32°05,21.69 n...1°45,23.47 E

 kheither  ....................fort el kheither........................................................34°08,49.91 N...0°04,22.76 E

tindouf

.                               fort ressot............................................................27°40,14.49 N...8°09,06.98 O

                                fort laridon............................................................27°40,13.22 N...8°09,16.52 O 

                                fort de la legion......................................................27°40,28.81 N...8°08,50.28 O

         impacte de météor ....ouarkziz cratere .........................................29°00,46.46 N...7°33,16.03 O

tinfouchy...................fort fouchet ..........................................................28°5,133.59 N...5°51,19.52 O

hamaguir .................base de lancement  ..............................................30°52,29.32 N...3°03,51.66

mrhelmina.................fort .......................................................................30°58,52.90 N...3°32,24.50 O

                                fort ?......................................................................31°08,19.22 N...3°36,13.64 O

meridja.....................fort.........................................................................31°33,08.28 N...2°56,48.55 O

plus au nord.............fort safsaf...............................................................31°55,14.26 N...2°31,41.97 O

stele du point ou c est ecraser l avion du general leclerc de hautecloque ....32°07,54.00 N... 2°19,19.17 O

zone cotiere      ou zone verte

oran  ..en tout 25 fortifications  pour proteger la ville la premiere connu de 1439

                               batterie du santon...................................................35°44,02.39 N...0°42,47.24 O

                               fort  mers el kebir....................................................35°44,15.03 N...0°41,56.10 O

                               fort de santa cruz....................................................35°42,32.62 N...0°39,54.05 O

                               fortsaint gregoire   ( espagnol ).................................35°42,22.46N...0°39,01.05 O

                               fort de lamoune.......................................................35°42,49.17 N...0°39,24.73 O

                               fort ........................................................................35°42,13.03 N...0°39,30.22 O 

                               fort du belvedere.......................................................

arzew ......................fort .......................................................................35°51,50.02 N...0°18,16.10 O

mascara..................emplacement du fort ...............................................35°23,34.92 N...0°08,49.24 E

zemmora ................fort ........................................................................35°44,17;90 N...0°42,10.55 E

ammi moussa..........fort la redoute..........................................................35°51,54.52 N...1°06,53.02 E

timgad...............ville romaine copie de rome    ...ruines.........................35°29,03 N...6°28,08 E

tebessa .............ville romaine.......ruine..................................................35°24,04 N... 8°07,25 O

tipaza.....................ancien fort ...............................................................36°35,41.51 N...2°26,26.84 E

                              ruine romaine............................................................36°35,40 N...2°26,37 O

                              necropole antique.....................................................36°35,26.72 N...2°28,11.84 E

djemila ...............cuicul ...ville romaine ....ruine ....................................361909 N...5°44,15 O

tlemcen.................mansourah................................................................34°52,15 N...1°20,18 O

  //                         fort ............................................................................34°52,55 N...1°18,30 O

alger ......................fort .......ou fort de amirauté....................................36°47,14.53 O...3°04,06.64 E

   //                         fort turc..... ou fort de l eau .....................................36°44,56.40 N...3°11,16.82 E

  //                          fort turc ...................................................................36°45,57.28 N...3°13,05.29 E

  //                         fort de la casbah emplacement ...............................36°47,12 N...3°03,25 E

fort national.........fort .............................................................................36°38,11 ...4°11,57 E

tizi ouzou...............forteresse .................................................................36°42,31 N...4°02,48 E

bordj bou arreridj .....fort ..........................................................................36°04,21.55 N...4°45,40.77 E

la perouse.......el marsa........fort turc ......................................................36°48,26.38 N...3°13,50.79 E

annaba...................forteresse ................................................................36°54,19 N...7°45,57 E

  //                         basilique saint augustin ..............................................36°52,53 N...7°4,39 E

  //                         theatre antique ..........................................................36°52,53 N...7°44,48 E

  //                         hippone......................................................................36°52,555 N...7°44,51 E

algerie ...plus de 30  CIMETIERES CHRETIENS ..1 cimetiere alemand 2e guerre mondiale .. trouvé...

. pour geolocalisation me contacter

ESPAGNE   ENCLAVES  du maroc.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

ceuta..............................................................

penon de alhucemas... E depuis 1559 .(villa sanjurjo)........................

melilla..... depuis 1497..................................................................

penon de velez de la gomera..badis .E .depuis .1564..(bades)............

iles chafarinas (3)..........................................................................

 ile alboran....................................................................................

PORTUGAL.......ILE  MADERE.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

funchal .........................fort de sao tiago........................32°38,48.11 N...16°53,57.78 O

machico .......................fort...........................................32°43,03.03 N...16°45,53.51 O

                         ILES ACORES

ponta delgada ...............rort san miguel..........................37°44,10.26 N...25°40,21.86 O

 

LIBYE...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

cratere b.p ............................................................................................25°19,20 N. ..24°18,39 E

cratere oasis..........................................................................................24°34,29 N...24°24,45 E

forteresse antique ................................................................................19°06,58 N...23°13,40  E

koufra

                            memorial de la bataille................................................24°22,39.37 N...23°09,43.13 E 

                            fort

                            4 chars  hors service ...................................................24°13,39.98 N...23°18,15.28 E

                            epaved avion................................................................21°52,02.94 N...24°43,15.30 E

                            epave de char...............................................................22°12,319.6 N...24°39,45.74 E

                            cratere des sable..........................................................21°57,52.30 N...23°46,42.69 E

                            arkenu cratere...............................................................22°15,35 N...24°41,19 E

                            epave d avion................................................................26°42,51.53 N...24°01,21.10 E

waw el kebir          fort ..............................................................................25°19,21.01 N...16°43,19.08 E

                            volcan.. waw an namus .................................................24°55,02.39 N...17°45,48.40 E

tajerhi                   fort italien......................................................................24°19,44.70 N...14°15,40.58 E

mourzouk             fort............................................................................... 25°54,55.21 N...13°54,38.36 E

biraq                    fort ...............................................................................27°32,39.66 N.....14°16,04.18 E

sabha...................fort leclerc.....................................................................27°00,37.18 N...14°27,15.43 E

waddan ................fort italien .....................................................................29°09,39.13 N...16°08,03.66 E

sur la frontiere.avec  algerie

                            fort ...............................................................................24°46,19.76 N...10°09,40.58 E

ghat (3)                 fort ................................................................................24°57,56.09 N...10°10;47.75 E

                            fort ................................................................................24°58,00.70 N...10°10,50.36 E

                            fort ................................................................................24°57,53.80 N...10°10,37.05 E

gadames(cydamus) fort ................................................................................30°07,48.02 N...9°29,42.14 E

                            fort italien .......................................................................30°19,54,63 N...9°50,03.81 E

dirj                       fort .................................................................................30°09,53.64 N...10°27,17.04 E

baldat tuqtah         fort .................................................................................30°11,32.15 N...10°26,57.58 E

tripoli                    fort .................................................................................32°53,46.49 N...13°10,50.00 E

khoms        ruine antique  de leptis magna  arenede 15000 places ..................32°37,56.39 N...14°18,34.19 E

bir hakeim  ........ camp fortifier ....................................................................31°35,37.86 N...23°28.51.08 E

  le fort de bir hakeim...................................................................................31°35,37.86 N...23°28,51.08 E

 fort de l afrika korps memerial ....................................................................32°03,15.04  N...32°03,15.03 E

toubrouk      cimetiere francais de la bataille   ...............................................32°00,28.16 N...23°58,08.84 E

                    cimetiere britanique..................................................................32°05,44 N...23°43,12 E

                   bunker de romel.........................................................................32°05,06 N...23°58,03 E

                  lady be good...epave recuperee.................................................32°05,04 N...23°58,04 E

                   epaves de bombardiers     ........................................................31°51,37.17 N...23°55,24.04 E

                   depart de ligne des bunkers .....................................................31°51,11.12. N...24°04,28.45 E

el jaghbub.....fort .........................................................................................29°44,51.41 N...24°31,03.71 E

fort capuzzo.................................................................................................31°34,51.46 N...25°03,06.80 E

TUNISIE................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

les ruines romaine etant tres nombreuses en tunisie elle ne seront pas marquè ici sauf exceptions

 dans le sud   fort saint...............................................30°15,01.93 N...9°32,53.81 E             

                    fort le boeuf ...........................................32°12,16.26 N...10°01,48.28 E

ksar beni mhira

tataouine   et sa region

                   ligne mareth..........de mareth a tataouine  45km de long ..40 casemates d infanterie..8 casemates d artillerie..

                                              28 points d appui..15 postes de commandement 

                                               construite entre 1936 et 1940 veritable ligne magino en tunisie

                     fort musé de mareth..............................................33°35,46.2 N...10°18,41.1 E                         

                    fort .bourmet .........................................................32°56,47.16 N...10°26,33.87 E

                    fort ...et bunker.......................................................32°55,24.65 N...10°23,40.79 E

                    ksar  de beni barka ................................................32°53,10.46 N...10°26,02.35 E

a ouest         fort cherchara..........................................................32°54,27.94 N...10°57,07.83 E

maztouria      fort...................................................................... .32°51,49.67 N...10°28,19.63 E 

                    fort al awadid..........................................................32°51,17.34 N...10°28,15.76 E

ksar daghara  fort gedine..............................................................32°50,51.72 N...10°28,03.46 E

al krashiwah  fort  .......................................................................32°49,02.06 N...10°33,55.64 E

ksar ouled soltane.......................................................................32°47,18.27 N...10°30,52.18 E

houmt souk forteresse .................................................................33°53,02 N...10°51,37 E 

borj el akrab ..............fort du scorpion.........................................33°37,55.25 N...10°54,33.00 E 

younga ..forteresse .....................................................................34°28,02 N...10°24,40 E

 sfax remparts..point de depart ..................................................34°44,19.82 N...10°45,43.60

haidra ...........................................................................................35°33,49 N...8°27,13 E

 el jem.....arenes romaine 40.000 places........................................35°17,47.51 N...10°42,24.81 E

bordj erras.........fort .....................................................................35°30,19.26 N...11°04,34.37 E

monastir............le ribat.................................................................35°46,34.44 N...10°49,58.57 E

sousse..............theatre romain  et kasbah......................................35°49,18.17 N...10°38,10.09 E

sousse..............catacombes de severe...........................................35°49,13.34 N...10°37,29.45 E

sousse ..............le riba...................................................................35°49,39 N...10°38,19 E

 

hammamet .......fort ......................................................................36°23,40.64 N...10°36,44.65 E

kelibia...............fort .......................................................................36°50.15.87 N...11°06,56.12 E

takrouna.........cimetiere militaire francais.....................................36°08,35 N...10°21,00 E

tunis .

                        bab el  assal ancien fort ........................................36°48,44 N...10°10,08 N

                        ruines de carthage .................................................36°°51,16.28 N...10°20,04.84 E

                        cimetiere militaire francais.......................................36°53,35.08 N...10°18,48.69 E

ain tounga ......fort byzantin ...........................................................36°31,26 N...9°21,35 E

utique ............ancienne cite fonde par les  pheniciens..................37°03,23 N...10°03,43 E

bizerte...            fortification ............................................................37°16,45.15 N...9°52,36.27 E

                         fort...........................................................................37°16,52.62 N...9°52,14.14 E

dougga             ruine romaine et fort bysantin.................................36°25,21.10 N...9°13,06.50 E

tabarka             fort genois ..............................................................36°57,55.19 N...8°45,31.55 E

la goulette        fort............................................................................36°48,41.87 N...10°18,13.21 E

SOMALIE.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

mogadiscio                           ..fort........................................................2°01,58.16 N... 45°20,38.28 E 

 

ETHIOPIE.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.addis abeba.....fort de lideta  ancien aeroport .................................. 9°00,28 N...38°43,23 E

         //         .... fort italien....................................................................9°04,27 N...38°42,24 E

         //         ...ancienne .eglise dans le roc ........................................9°02,33 N....38°48,25 E

gondar ...........fort  et palais royal 17e siecle......................................12°36,29 N...37°28,11 E

baher dar .............vieux monastere............. sur le lac  tana ..............11°54,56 N...37°14,39 E

    //         .............. monastere ............................................................11°41,41 N...37°20,28 E

yeha.....................tres ancien temple  du royaume d mt.....................14°17,08 N...39°01,08 E

SOUDAN .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

fachoda    actuelement  ( kodoc  )....(.fort saint louis).......................... 9°49,47 N...32°02,14 E

khartoum............defenses......de 1885.................................................15°38,02 N32°29,38  E

khartoum  ............fotr sud...................................................................15°37,56 N...32°29,34 E 

suakin .......cite ancienne.....................................................................19°06,40 N...37°20,14 E

meroe..........necropole antique..pyramides........................................16°56,16 N...33°44,57 E

naga                      ///                                  ........................................16°56,04N...33°45,04 E

 

 EGYPTE..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

nous laisseront de coté les ruines antiques trop nombreuses

alexandrie ..........la forteresse .................................31°12,50 N...29°53,08 E

     //         ..........la redoute .....................................31°12,47 N...29°54,16 E

aboukir    fort  al burj ................................................31°19,44 N...30°04,18 E

el alamein       musé de la bataille ...........................30°50,28.56 N...28°56,35.74 E

cimetiere  militaire francais en face

el tawheed .........monastere et eglise .....................30°19,08 N...30°21,33 E

forteresse antique de siwa........................................29°12,05.82 N...25°30,59.20 E

forteresse antique de cara......................................29°37,17.81 N...26°29,51.09 E

pyramides................................................................29°58,33 N...31°07,49 E

source russe  dans le desert ...................................28°22,32 N...25°56,42 E

hurghada.............................curiosité ......................27°22,49 N...33°37,55 E

epave de blindé 39/45...anglaise ...........................26°59,07.00 N...26°34,17.11 E

balat ...................................//.................................25°33,28 N...29°16,48 E

at tarif   (louxor )  vallée des rois...parking .................25°44.47 N...32°36°18 E

abu simbel..............................................................22°20,12 N...31°37,31 E

 

TERRITOIRE BRITANNIQUE DE L OCEAN INDIEN.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

diego garcia.....base americaine ............ .................7°18,51.36 s...72°25,03.52 E

 

  

 

 

 

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